Electric Battery Powered Reach Truck

The working principle of electric forklift and its daily maintenance.

Nov 30, 2022

An electric forklift is a forklift, which uses electricity to do its work, mostly for batteries. The storage battery is a kind of battery, and its function is to store limited electric energy and use it in a suitable place. It works by converting chemical energy into electrical energy. This is the battery that is installed in the battery of the electric forklift. Note: it is best not to place the battery horizontally! Because the interior of the battery is generally 22 to 28% dilute sulfuric acid. When the battery is being placed, the electrolyte can submerge the plate and there is still a little space left. If the battery is placed horizontally, a part of the electrode plate will be exposed to the air, which is very unfavorable to the plate of the battery, and the observation hole of the general battery or There are vents on the top of the battery to communicate with the outside world, so the electrolyte can easily flow out when the battery is discharged horizontally.

The battery forklift uses the battery as the source power to drive the driving motor and the hydraulic system motor to realize driving and loading and unloading operations. Electric forklifts are loading and unloading vehicles powered by DC power supply (battery). In terms of new materials and new processes, the most important embodiment is the application of transistor controllers (SCR and MOS tubes). Its appearance makes the performance of electric forklifts It has been greatly improved. Generally speaking, the durability, reliability and applicability of electric forklifts have been significantly improved, and they can completely compete with internal combustion engine forklifts.

Battery powered electric forklift

Operating procedures:

1. Maintain an appropriate starting speed when starting, and it should not be too fast.

2. Pay attention to observe the voltage of the voltmeter. If it is lower than the limit voltage, the forklift should stop running immediately.

3. When the forklift is moving, it is not allowed to change the driving direction by turning the direction switch, so as to prevent the electrical components from being burned out and the gears from being damaged.

4. Driving and lifting should not be carried out at the same time.

5. Pay attention to whether the sound of the drive system and the steering system is normal. If any abnormal sound is found, the fault should be eliminated in time. It is strictly forbidden to work while sick.

6. Slow down in advance when changing.

7. When working on poor road conditions, the importance should be appropriately reduced, and the driving speed should be reduced.


1. The weight of the goods must be known before lifting, and the weight of the goods must not exceed the rated lifting capacity of the forklift.

2. When lifting and packing goods, pay attention to whether the goods are wrapped firmly.

3. Adjust the distance between the forks according to the size of the goods, so that the goods are evenly distributed between the two forks to avoid unbalanced load.

4. When the goods are inserted into the cargo pile, the mast should be tilted forward. After the goods are loaded into the fork, the mast should be tilted backward, so that the goods are close to the fork wall, and the goods can be lowered as much as possible before driving.

5. When lifting goods, it should generally be carried out in a vertical position.

6. During manual loading and unloading, the hand brake must be used to stabilize the fork.

7. Walking and lifting are not allowed to operate at the same time.

8. When carrying goods on steep roads, pay attention to the firmness of the goods on the forks.

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